Dando com um mão e tirando com a outra

  • Carlândia Brito Santos Fernandes Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • Mariana Silva Cunha Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • Marcos Roberto Vasconcelos Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Palabras clave: Politica fiscal, Gasto Público, Desigualdade, Estados brasileiros

Resumen

Este estudo analisa o impacto da política fiscal sobre a desigualdade de renda para os estados brasileiros no período 2004-2014. Utilizando system GMM, encontramos evidências robustas de que, enquanto o aumento no gasto total, gastos com assistência social e segurança, e gastos em infra-estrutura reduzem a desigualdade, as receitas totais e de capital e os gastos relacionados à dívida pública aumentam a desigualdade. Assim, o efeito líquido da política fiscal sobre a desigualdade pode não ser positivo, principalmente porque o sistema tributário ainda é muito regressivo e muitos dos recursos são gastos em dívidas. Portanto, a discussão sobre como determinar e qualificar os níveis de gastos sociais no Brasil, necessários para combater a pobreza e reduzir as desigualdades sociais e de renda, está diretamente relacionada à revisão do sistema de arrecadação de impostos.

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Publicado
2019-12-20
Cómo citar
Fernandes, C., Cunha, M., & Vasconcelos, M. (2019). Dando com um mão e tirando com a outra. Estudios Económicos, 36(73), 43-70. Recuperado a partir de https://ojs.uns.edu.ar/ee/article/view/1199
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Artículos